- 1 What is Diabetes?
- 2 Pancreas role in Type 1 diabetes
- 3 Tests for diabetes
- 3.1 A urine test:
- 3.2 Type 2 diabetes symptoms In general;
- 3.3 People with diabetes can develop non-blood-sugar-related symptoms.
- 3.4 More intense symptoms can indicate the need for immediate medical attention.
What is Diabetes?
What is Diabetes and how does it affect your life? In this article, we’ll talk about the related topics. Diabetes mellitus type1 and type 2, more commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic medical condition, more likely a disease that causes high blood sugar levels. Now we need to understand the entire phenomenon of diabetes, or why our blood sugar levels rise.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin. Insulin is what allows cells to absorb glucose from the blood and use it for energy. Without it, blood sugar stays too high, causing health problems.
Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes
- A sudden feeling of hunger
- Sudden dizziness or drowsiness
- Muscle weakness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Inability to urinate
- Sweating more than usual
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Being thirsty
- Decreased awareness of time
- Seizures or altered mental state
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It’s caused by the body becoming less responsive to the hormone insulin. Insulin is made by the pancreas, an organ in the body located between the stomach and the intestines.
In type 2 diabetes, it’s hard enough for the pancreas to make insulin.
Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes
- Memory issues
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Blood test
A doctor will test your blood sugar levels to determine whether you have diabetes.
Blood sugar levels may be measured by using a meter and a small vial of blood. The test requires that you fast for at least 8 hours before the blood is taken.
Blood sugar levels are measured using an easy-to-use meter. A test strip is inserted into the reader, and blood sugar levels are calculated. A reading between 90 and 100 is considered normal. Anything less than 80 is considered high.
Type 2 Diabetes Complications
Blood sugar levels that are too high can be harmful. They can lead to damage to the kidneys, which could make the kidneys fail. High blood sugar levels can lead to damage to the eyes, leading to vision loss.
Because high blood sugar levels can damage the nerves, they can also lead to numbness and tingling of the skin. This causes poor coordination. It may also cause muscle wasting, which can lead to weakness and decreased muscle power.
High blood sugar levels can also lead to some of the most common and dangerous complications of diabetes.
- Kidney failure
- Heart disease
- Eye problems
- High blood pressure
- Bladder problems
In one study, 26% of those who developed type 2 diabetes during their lifetimes died within the first 3 years of diagnosis. Of those, 27% died from cardiovascular disease and 19% died from diabetes-related problems, including kidney failure, poor eyesight, and low blood sugar.
Type 1 diabetes often goes unnoticed because it causes few or no symptoms. Symptoms can include fatigue, extreme thirst, frequent urination, and weight loss.
Type 2 diabetes is usually the result of a combination of lifestyle factors and genetics.
Pancreas role in Type 1 diabetes
The pancreas is a small organ in the digestive system that helps to control blood sugar levels. It is located on the back, just above the belly button. Insulin is produced, which helps in the transport of glucose from the circulation to the cells. It also secretes glucagon, which helps suppress blood sugar levels.
When the pancreas doesn’t work properly:
the body can no longer control blood sugar levels. When this happens, the body cannot store or release glucose properly. As a result, glucose levels in the blood will increase. Low blood sugar can make people feel weak and irritable. It can also make people feel hungry.
When the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, blood sugar levels can get too low. Low blood sugar can damage blood vessels, which can lead to blindness. If blood sugar levels get too high, a person can experience a heart attack.
In Type 1 diabetes, the body produces very little insulin, and the cells become resistant to insulin.
Who gets Type 2 diabetes?
Many factors can contribute to the development of diabetes. These include:
- Family history
- Other health problems
- A history of head trauma
- The disease of the pancreas
- Environmental exposures
- Conditions of pregnancy or delivery
Diagnosing type 2 diabetes is usually based on the amount and type of sugar in the blood, body weight, and blood sugar levels.
Tests for diabetes
The doctor may examine the blood and urine.
The doctor may use some of the following tests to help make a diagnosis of diabetes:
A blood sugar test: This test determines the amount of sugar in the blood. The test checks for levels of blood sugar, insulin, and glucose levels. The test results are reported in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). This number tells doctors the level of sugar in the blood.
This measures the amount of sugar in the blood. The test checks for levels of blood sugar, insulin, and glucose levels. The test results are reported in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). This number tells doctors the level of sugar in the blood.
A urine test:
The doctor may also test urine to check for glucose, ketones, and an alcohol level. This can help the doctor figure out if the level of sugar in the urine is high or low.
The doctor may also test urine to check for glucose, ketones, and an alcohol level. This can help the doctor figure out if the level of sugar in the urine is high or low. A urine glucose test: This test checks for blood glucose levels.
The results can help doctors determine whether diabetes is caused by high blood sugar or by other conditions, such as obesity.
This test checks for blood glucose levels. The results can help doctors determine whether diabetes is caused by high blood sugar or by other conditions, such as obesity. A urine ketone test: This test checks for ketone levels in the urine.
Ketones are chemicals created in the body when sugar is broken down.
High ketone levels can indicate insulin resistance. This test checks for ketone levels in the urine. Ketones are chemicals created in the body when sugar is broken down.
High ketone levels can indicate insulin resistance. A blood glucose challenge test: Doctors use this test to see if a person has an allergy to insulin or glucose.
If the person’s blood sugar drops when they eat a glucose pill, doctors will allow them to decide if they want to continue using insulin if they are allergic to it.
Doctors use this test to see if a person has an allergy to insulin or glucose. If the person’s blood sugar drops when they eat a glucose pill, doctors will tell them they are allergic to insulin and let them decide if they want to continue using it.
A urine non-alcohol test: This test can determine if a person has ketones. Ketones can indicate the body is trying to break down sugars.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms In general;
there are no symptoms in the early stages of type 2 diabetes. Instead, a person can have severe symptoms if they take insulin or if they do not make enough insulin. However, some symptoms may appear in the early stages of diabetes.
- Fatigue or weakness
- Weakness or fatigue
- Dry skin
- Dark urine
- or dry eyes
- Frequent urination
- Extreme thirst or a large amount of urine
- Blood sugar levels that are out of the ordinary
- Frequent or painful urination
- Urinary tract infections
- Blurred vision
- Blurry vision
- More frequent urination
This may include:
- Gastrointestinal problems, including diarrhea
- Blood in the urine
- Persistent or recurrent infections
- Unexplained weight loss
- Low blood pressure, sometimes due to urination problems
More intense symptoms can indicate the need for immediate medical attention.
These may include
- Unexplained weight loss Bright red, cool to the touch, or feeling clammy skin Muscle cramps
- Sweating and a fever Brown, black, or tarry stool
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty speaking
- Pain in the throat, chest, or abdomen
- Sweating that comes with a fever or with little or no fever
- Feeling like you are going to pass out A severe headache
- A swollen face
- Vomiting that occurs repeatedly
- A sense of impending doom when the feet or hands feel heavy.
- Some people may experience chronic pain as their diabetes progresses.
- Anyone who exhibits any of the symptoms listed above should consult a doctor. A doctor can assess the symptoms and give a blood test, or other tests, to diagnose diabetes.