- 1 What is malabsorption syndrome?
- 1.1 What is primary malabsorption syndrome?
- 1.2 Secondary malabsorption syndrome
- 1.3 Diagnosis of secondary malabsorption syndrome
- 1.4 When was the last time the person ate?
- 1.5 Treatment
- 1.6 Prevention
- 1.7 Conclusion
What is malabsorption syndrome?
“Malabsorption syndrome” describes a set of physical conditions that can be caused by a variety of medical issues. The condition is not recognized by the American Medical Association as a medical condition, however, it may be a collection of physical symptoms that have been connected to certain food intolerances.
Malabsorption syndrome is usually not a life-threatening condition. It is often caused by low levels of essential nutrients in the blood or the intestines, often resulting from malnutrition, in which the cells inside the digestive system do not receive the nutrients they need to function.
Without the nutrients from food, the body cannot produce the proteins and hormones it needs to function properly.
There are two types of malabsorption syndrome: primary and secondary.
What is primary malabsorption syndrome?
Primary malabsorption syndrome is the most common form of the disease. This is often caused by malnutrition. This is often caused by malnutrition.
Primary malabsorption syndrome is a medical condition that arises from the body’s inability to absorb nutrients from food. It is the most common form, accounting for approximately 80 to 90 percent of all cases.
This may often cause small bowel dysfunction, in which the body cannot absorb enough nutrients to replace lost muscle mass.
It is caused by a lack of nutrition in the digestive system and may be a result of an underactive immune system.
Children with primary malabsorption syndrome often experience digestive problems.
In adults, It can cause nausea and vomiting. It may also cause weakness and fatigue.
Secondary malabsorption syndrome
Secondary malabsorption syndrome, or “secondary” malabsorption syndrome, is a condition that results from damage to the gastrointestinal tract caused by other illnesses.
this may develop as a result of the malabsorptive syndrome. For example, a person with the following conditions may develop secondary malabsorption:
- autoimmune diseases, such as lupus or celiac disease
- an autoimmune condition, such as Sjogren syndrome
- severe infections of the GI tract, such as typhoid, which may cause cramping and diarrhea
- infections that cause obstruction in the intestines, such as tuberculosis
- intestinal conditions, such as diverticulitis
Acquired malabsorption syndrome
Acquired malabsorption syndrome is a condition that is not caused by any underlying health condition. The condition is caused by low levels of vitamins and minerals in the blood and the intestines.
What causes malabsorption syndrome?
Malabsorption syndrome is not typically caused by an underlying health condition, but it is often caused by malnutrition. this is not typically caused by an underlying health condition, but it is often caused by malnutrition.
This results from a lack of nutrients in the body and is caused by a variety of medical conditions and diseases.
The majority of cases of this disease are caused by an underlying medical condition. The cause may be any one of the following conditions:
- chronic fatigue syndrome
- gluten intolerance
- inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- malabsorptive rheumatoid arthritis
- coeliac disease
- transplant rejection
- thyroid cancer
- pernicious anemia
- vitamin B12 deficiency
- damage to the intestinal tract
Secondary malabsorption may develop secondary to an underlying medical condition. It is estimated that 20 to 40 percent of children who develop multiple malabsorption syndromes are affected by conditions that affect the gastrointestinal system.
Secondary malabsorption syndrome occurs more often in children than adults. Children with celiac disease and multiple malabsorption syndromes may have malabsorption syndrome in addition to other gastrointestinal problems.
Causes of secondary malabsorption syndrome
Malabsorption syndrome can be the result of:
- gluten intolerance
- coeliac disease
- diverticulitis, which can occur after receiving a tonsillectomy
- IBD, which is when the immune system attacks the small intestine
- transplant rejection
a condition called complement-mediated thrombocytopenia, which a condition called thrombocytopenia causes an overproduction of blood in the small intestine
A person with tuberculosis may not have symptoms until they begin to experience anemia.
Diagnosis of secondary malabsorption syndrome
Diagnosing malabsorption syndrome is easy to do in a doctor’s office.
A doctor may ask questions to help determine if a person has this type of syndrome. Questions include:
- Does the person eat foods such as meat, milk, and eggs?
- Has the person taken medications or vitamins?
- Does the person have diarrhea or constipation?
When was the last time the person ate?
If the person does not eat enough food or doesn’t digest some foods well, a doctor may recommend measuring the blood levels of nutrients. This can be done by an electron microscope, which will measure the color of the blood under the microscope.
Doctors may also do blood tests, such as a liver function test and a complete blood count.
A doctor may recommend dietary therapy. Diet therapy can help the body absorb nutrients better.
If a doctor suspects a person may have the following conditions, they may order additional tests to check for the underlying cause:
Treatment for secondary malabsorption syndrome typically involves the use of dietary management, such as protein and fiber supplements. If the treatment does not work, a person will likely need to take enzymes.
The use of dietary supplements may help people with severe malabsorption. However, taking too many supplements may result in toxicity.
A person with celiac disease may benefit from a gluten-free diet.
When medications are prescribed to treat a person’s condition, they may also be taken with digestive enzymes.
Regular physical activity, especially when going for long periods without food, may help prevent the occurrence of secondary malabsorption syndrome. Regular physical activity, especially when going for long periods without food, may help prevent the occurrence of the syndrome.
Avoiding the following foods or beverages may help prevent this syndrome:
- ketchup substitutes
- dietary supplements
- alcohol substitutes
- milk substitutes
- chewing gum
- processed meat, including deli meats, sausage, and bacon
- skimmed milk
- sugar substitutes, including high-fructose corn syrup
- unsalted nuts
- unsalted peanuts
- unsalted pecans
- unsalted pistachios
These foods may interact with medications and cause side effects or toxicities.
When a person is eating a healthy diet and has bowel and bladder that works well, they are not likely to have diarrhea or constipation. When symptoms persist for several weeks, it is important to talk to a doctor.
The person should see a doctor if they have symptoms that do not improve after several weeks of trying to manage them on their own. Treatment can help a person feel better overall. Anyone who has diarrhea or constipation should also speak to their doctor.